Garden Design of the Region


Limburg province boasts a varied landscape culture which combines with the region’s architectural culture to form an exceptional ensemble. The unique nature of this cultural landscape gives Limburg its special character. The area’s cultural heritage includes manor houses, castles, churches, farmyards and village centres with protected status, which still exist in many different forms in the region.

Limburg’s excellent reputation as a “green province” is also thanks to its gardens, which are often located in close proximity to the built environment. A specific type of garden design has been cultivated here over the years, which has always followed the stylistic trends characteristic of respective periods. Examples are castle gardens, monastery gardens, town gardens and farm gardens, which occur in a wide variety of historical garden styles.

The Limburg landscape experienced change as a result of the industrial and technological revolution in particular, e.g. due to cultivation and the extraction of turf and coal.

From the 18th century onwards, French-style gardens were created in Limburg, above all at manor houses and monasteries. The English landscape style with its open character was a reaction to this form of design. Today it is still possible to find and admire some elements of these styles.

One particular characteristic of the landscape can be found in southern Limburg, where large coal mines once existed. The state mining organisation “Staatsmijnen”, which held various licenses, was also actively involved in the creation of parks and gardens in south Limburg. The thinking behind this involvement was the idea that the state as an employer had a responsibility with regard to the well-being of its workers. The “Staatsmijnen” therefore ensured that there were opportunities for recreation in the vicinity of housing developments.

Many designs were created by garden architect John Bergmann, who was the “Staatsmijnen” garden designer in Limburg in the mid-20th century.

Towards the end of the last century, some private gardens were developed - mostly in tree nurseries - which also served as showcases for the expertise of their designers. Some particularly noteworthy gardens resulted from these initiatives.

Many different variations of garden in various styles of garden design thus exist in Limburg. Whether seen individually or in relation to each other, they contribute to the typical landscape culture of Limburg’s gardens.